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The Two cines con niño

Genre and the Child Protagonist in Over Fifty Years of Spanish Film (1955-2010)

Erin K. Hogan

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A genre studies approach to child-starred Spanish cinema

This is the first genre study of child-starred cinemas from Spain. It illuminates continuities in the political use of the child protagonist in over fifty years of Spanish cinema and how the child-starred genres deploy the concept of childhood to retrospectively define the nation and its future.

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INTRODUCTION. The Two cines con niño: The Ventriloquism, Dialogism and Biopolitics of the Children of Franco in Genre Film

CHAPTER ONE. The Black Market and the Stolen Children of Franco in Demonios en el jardín (Gutiérrez Aragón 1982)

CHAPTER TWO. The Appropriative and Carnivalesque Ventriloquism of Altar Boys from Joselito in El pequeño ruiseñor (del Amo 1956) to Ignacio in La mala educación (Almodóvar 2004)

CHAPTER THREE. Ventriloquism, Kidnapping and the Carnivalesque in Marisol’s Tómbola (Lucía 1962)

CHAPTER FOUR. Adopting, Adapting, Appropriating in the cines con niño: Un rayo de luz (Lucía 1960) and El viaje de Carol (Uribe 2002)

CHAPTER FIVE. Prosopopeia and the Gothic Child from Marcelino pan y vino (Vajda 1955) to El orfanato (Bayona 2007)

CHAPTER SIX. Dialogism and Ritual Function of the nuevo cine con niño: El espíritu de la colmena (Erice 1973), Secretos del corazón (Armendáriz 1997) and El laberinto del fauno (Del Toro 2006)

CHAPTER SEVEN. Queering Postwar Childhood in Urte ilunak (Lazkano 1992) and Pa negre (Villaronga 2010)

CHAPTER EIGHT. The Transatlantic Dialogism in Narrative and Aesthetics of Bildungsfilms: La lengua de las mariposas (Cuerda 1999 Spain) & Machuca (Wood 2004 Chile), El espíritu de la colmena (Erice 1973 Spain) & El premio (Markovitch 2011 Argentina-Mexico), El laberinto del fauno (Del Toro 2006 Spain-Mexico) & Infancia clandestina (Ávila 2011 Argentina)

CONCLUSION. Spanish Movies: Genre, Nation and Spanish Movie (Ruiz Caldera 2009)



About the Author

Erin Hogan is an Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Dr. Hogan’s scholarship on the construction of childhood in Hispanic literary, visual and cinematic arts since the eighteenth century has appeared in 'Studies in Spanish and Latin American Cinemas', 'Hispanic Research Journal' and 'The Comparatist', along with edited volumes.


In this extraordinarily rich study, Erin Hogan helps us to understand the distinction of the child in Spanish cinema as well as its resilience. Using dialogism as theoretical frame of reference, this intelligent book shows how the child has been variously ventriloquized and how it has learned to talk back. Through exhilarating close readings of films which speak to one another through time or across geographical boundaries, the child transforms from biopolitical tool into a flexible icon with which to interrogate some of the most deeply held precepts of Spanish culture.

- Professor Sarah Wright, Royal Holloway, University of London

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