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The Press in the Middle East and North Africa, 1850-1950

Politics, Social History and Culture

Edited by Anthony Gorman, Didier Monciaud

Paperback (Forthcoming)
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Explores the political, social and cultural dimensions of the press in the Middle East in the pre-independence era

The press is central to our understanding of the development of free speech, civil society, political life and cultural expression. This volume presents twelve detailed studies dealing with cases drawn from the Middle East and North Africa in the period before independence (c.1850-1950). Framed by an authoritative introduction these explore the emergence of this important medium, its practitioners and its function as a forum and agent in political, social and cultural life in the Middle East. In taking up this focus, the collection argues that the press is both a vector and an agent of history that facilitates entrée into the complex process of political, social and cultural transformation that the region was undergoing during this critical period.

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Introduction: Anthony Gorman and Didier Monciaud

I. The Press as National Voice
News Publishing as a Reflection of Public Opinion: The Idea of News during the Ottoman Financial Crises, Gül Karagöz Kızılca
Disruptions of the Local, Eruptions of the Feminine: Local Reportage and National Anxieties in Egypt’s 1890s, Marilyn Booth
The Arabic Palestinian Press between the Two World Wars, Mustafa Kabha
Falastin: An Experiment in Promoting Palestinian Nationalism through the English-Language Press, Fred Lawson

II. The Rise of the Journalist
Press Propaganda and Subaltern Agents of Pan-Islamic Networks in the Muslim Mediterranean World prior to World War I, Odile Moreau
The Publicist and his Newspaper in Syria in the Era of the Young Turk Revolution, between Reformist Commitment and Political Pressures: Muhammad Kurd ‘Ali and al-Muqtabas (1908-1917), Kais Ezzerelli
From Intellectual to Professional: the Move from ‘Contributor’ to ‘Journalist’ at Ruz al-Yusuf in the 1920s and 1930s, Sonia Temimi

III: Critical, Dissident Voices
The Anarchist Press in Egypt before the First World War, Anthony Gorman
The War in Ethiopia in the Italian Fascist and anti-Fascist Press in Tunisia in the 1930s, Leila El Houssi
A Voice from Below in the 1940s Egyptian Press: the Experience of the Workers Newspaper Shubra, Didier Monciaud

IV: The Press as Community Voice
The Lamp, Qasim Amin, Jewish Women, and Baghdadi Men – A Reading in the Jewish Iraqi Journal al-Misbah, Orit Bashkin
From a Privileged Community to a Minority Community: The Orthodox Community of Beirut through the Newspaper al-Hadiyya, Souad Slim

About the Author

Anthony Gorman is Senior Lecturer in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Edinburgh. He has taught at universities in Australia, Egypt and Britain. Among his research interests are modern Egyptian historiography and the resident foreign presence in modern Egypt. He is currently co-editing a book on the press in the Middle East and on a monograph on a history of the prison in the Middle East.

Didier Monciaud is an Independent Researcher affiliated with the GREMAMO (University Paris VII Denis Diderot) and a board member of the Cahiers d’histoire, revue d’histoire critique. His main research interests are political commitments, trajectories and mobilisations in contemporary Egypt, particularly among the educated youth.

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