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The Philosophy Workbook

Francis Roberts

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£35.00

A practical, hands-on introduction to philosophy written in jargon-free language, this book introduces philosophy using a step-by-step approach. It both engages the reader in philosophical activity and explains the subject matter of philosophy without diluting it.

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Contents

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
CHAPTER 1: Laying the Foundations - The Philosopher's Stone
The Philosopher's Stone
The Structure of the Chapters
The Order of the Chapters
PART I: WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
CHAPTER 2: Philosophy as an Activity
'Philosophy' - Two meanings
Understanding Philosophy as an Activity - A first step
A Philosophical Question about Philosophy
CHAPTER 3: The Origins of European Philosophy in Ancient Greece
Setting the scene
What Exists (i) - Thales' problem
What Exists (ii) - The Primary Substance and its Transformation
What Exists (iii)- The search for Reality
What Exists (iv)- 'Justice' and the search for Values
CHAPTER 4: Philosophy as a Subject
The Study of what Really Exists
The Study of the Values Associated with Reality
(i) Moral Values and their Associated Fields of Study
(ii) Aesthetic values
PART I: A SUMMARY
REVISION EXERCISES PART I
Further Reading
PART II: REALITY, PERCEPTION and BELIEF
CHAPTER 5: The Senses, Action and Reality
Real Things
Methods (i) Assessing claims about what really exists
Seeing and Hearing Real Things
Sensing Real Things
Touching Real Things
CHAPTER 6: Philosophical Analysis and Reality
Methods (ii) Answering real questions
Methods (iii) Transcendental analysis: a first step*
CHAPTER 7: Thought, Belief and Reality
You are a metaphysician. Bah!
Thought and Reality*
Belief and Reality*
The story so far: a brief review
Ontological Commitment*
CHAPTER 8: The Reality of People and Ideas
Real People - Introducing Existentialism*
Real Ideas and Plato's Theory of Forms
PART II: A SUMMARY
REVISION EXERCISES PART II
Further Reading
PART III: VALUES and OBLIGATIONS
CHAPTER 9: Value and Values
Value and the Search for Values
Types of Values (Principles)
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Value
Summary of Chapter
CHAPTER 10: Theories of Art, Beauty and Taste
The Birth of Aesthetics
What is Beauty?
What is Art?
CHAPTER 11: Moral Value, Moral Values and Duty
Aristotle - a Background
Aristotle - Virtue and Moral Value
Kant - Duty and Moral Values
J S Mill - Utilitarianism and Moral Values
Henry Sidgwick - Ethical Egoism
Nietzsche and Sartre - Moral Value as Freedom
Methods (iv) Assessing Theories in Ethics*
PART III: A SUMMARY
REVISION EXERCISES PART III
Further Reading
PART IV: KNOWLEDGE and BELIEF
CHAPTER 12: EPISTEMOLOGY - The Sources and Status of Knowledge
The Sources of Knowledge
Knowledge and Belief
Analytic and Synthetic Judgements*
A priori and a posteriori Knowledge
Epistemology - a Summary
CHAPTER 13: The Philosophy of Science
Science distinguished from non-science
Explanation in Science
The Development of Science
CHAPTER 14: The Existence of God
The Ontological Argument
The Argument from Design (Teleological Argument)
The Cosmological Argument*
Transcendent and Transcendental Arguments
PART IV: A SUMMARY
REVISION EXERCISES PART IV
Further Reading
PART V: PEOPLE and FREEDOM
CHAPTER 15: Personal Identity
What is a person?
Dualism - mind and body
Continuity - body and consciousness
Materialism - mind as body
Summary
CHAPTER 16: Freedom and Responsibility*
Freedom of thought and action
Responsibility
PART V: A SUMMARY
REVISION EXERCISES PART V
Further Reading
SUGGESTED ANSWERS - PART I
SUGGESTED ANSWERS - PART II
SUGGESTED ANSWERS - PART III
SUGGESTED ANSWERS - PART IV
SUGGESTED ANSWERS - PART V
GLOSSARY OF NAMES
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX.

About the Author

Francis Roberts teaches in the European School in Varese, Italy. From 1991-2000 he was an Associate Lecturer at the Open University to which he is still affiliated.