The History of Islamic Political Thought

From the Prophet to the Present

Antony Black

Edition: 2

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A complete history of Islamic political thought from early Islam (c.622–661) to the present

Now in its 2nd edition, this textbook describes and interprets all schools of Islamic political thought, their origins, inter-connections and meaning. It examines the Qur'an, the early Caliphate, classical Islamic philosophy and the political culture of the Ottoman and other empires. It covers major thinkers such as Averroes (Ibn Rushd) and Ibn Taymiyya as well as a number of lesser authors, and Ibn Khaldun is presented as one of the most original political theorists ever. It draws on a wide range of sources including writings on religion, law, philosophy and statecraft expressed in treatises, handbooks and political rhetoric.

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Part I: The Messenger and the Law c.622-1000
1. The Mission of Muhammad
2. The Idea of Monarchy under the Umayyads and `Abbasids c.661-850
3. The Formation of the Shari'a
4. Shi'ism
5. The Restoration of Persia c.850-1050
6. Knowledge and Power: Philosophy without the Polis
Part II: Religion and State Power (din wa dawla): Sunni Doctrine & the State c.900-1220
7. The Theory of the Caliphate
8. State and Religion under the Saljuqs
9. Al-Ghazali: Mysticism and Politics
10. The Ethics of Power: Advice-to-Kings (nasihat al-muluk)
11. Ibn Rushd
12. The Politics of Sufism
Part III: The Shari`a and the Sword c.1220-1500
13. The Rape of Asia
14. Mamluk Ideology and the Sultan-Caliph
15. Nasir al-Din Tusi (1201-74): Social Philosophy and Status Groups
16. Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328): Shari`a Governance (al-siyasa al-shari`yya)
17. The Delhi Sultanate and al-Barani: Statecraft and Morality
18. Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406): The Science of Civilization and the Governance of Islam
19. The Decline of Classical Islamic Political Thought
Part IV: Religious Ideology and Political Control in Early Modern States
20. A New World Order
21. The State of the House of Osman (devlet-i al-i Osman)
22. The Safavids
23. India and the Mughals
24. The Decline and Reform of the Ottoman Empire
Part V: Islam and the West
25. Modernism from the Ottoman Reforms to the Turkish Revolution
26. Conservatism and Modernism in Iran
27. Islamism
28. Islamism, Reformism and the Secular State

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This is an outstanding and most welcome book. Since its first publication in 2001, Islam and its corollaries of Islamism and Islamophobia have become household words and everyday currency in Western media. Unfortunately, the upsurge of rhetoric is not equivalent to any substantial knowledge in this area. Fortunately, this revised and updated edition of the text can remedy the pervasive historical and intellectual knowledge gaps. Antony Black, one of the most renowned historians of intellectual and religious ideas, offers us a guide to a complex but crucially important topic in our time. His book deserves the widest possible readership.
Fred Dallmayr, author of Dialogue Among Civilizations
Professor Antony Black lectured in Politics at University of Dundee from 1963 until retirement in 2000, covering most aspects of political theory from Plato to contemporary international relations and social philosophy. He has researched and published on a wide range of topics, from medieval ecclesiastical theories to contemporary political philosophy.1975–76: Visiting associate professor, School of Government and Public Administration, The American University, Washington DC, USA.1980–81: Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield Foundation, UK.March–April 1993: Visiting Professor, Faculty of Jurisprudence, University of Trento, Italy.1993–7: Head of the Department of Politics, University of Dundee, UK. 1995–9 Book Review Editor of Early Modern History: Contacts, Contrasts and Comparisons (Brill).

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