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The European Union

Duncan Watts

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The European Union is a distinctive creation. There have been several examples of countries that have forged links in ventures of mutual benefit, but in aim, method and achievement this union has gone much further than the others.

From the beginning, the EU has always been more than just a customs union. It has aimed for an ever closer union of its peoples and has developed supranational institutions with powers binding upon its members. Since its creation in 1993 it has also grown in size and in the extent of its responsibilities. Integration and intergovernmentalism have been the two forces at work in the evolution of the Community into the Union of 27 members today.

In this volume the author sets out to provide an authoritative study of the EU, which clearly explains how it functions and makes it intelligible to a wide readership.

Key Features

  • Up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of key aspects, including history and developments, institutions, politics and policy processes
  • Includes an analysis of the role and attitudes of the member states
  • Information is clearly and accessibly presented
  • Will appeal to students and also to professionals working in European Union agencies and organisations
  • Contains maps, boxes, tables, glossaries of key terms and a guide to further reading


List of boxes
List of tables
List of maps
Background Information
Section One: History
1. The drive for European unity to 1973
2. From Community to Union 1973-1993
3. Consolidating the European Union 1993 to the present day
4. The movement to integration: a theoretical perspective
Section Two: Institutions
5. The institutions of the European Union
6. The policy-making and law-making processes
7. Democracy and the European Union
Section Three: Representation
8. Elections to the European Parliament
9. Political parties and the European Union
10. Pressure groups and the European Union
Section Four: Policies
11.The Union budget
12. First pillar policies
13. Second and third pillar policies
Section Five: Attitudes
14. Member states
15. Britain and Europe: a case study
Conclusion: The state of the Union, past and present
Further reading

About the Author

Duncan Watts has wide experience of teaching and examining, both in Modern History and Government and Politics. Formerly a Head of Department in both Grammar and Comprehensive schools, and Editor of the Politics Association Resource Centre, he is now involved in some part-time tutoring at 'A' Level, but much of his time is spent in writing on aspects of modern political development. Among several other publications, he has written widely on citizenship, political communication, the European Union and American government and politics, as well as producing an extensive range of teaching materials. He is the series editor of Politics Study Guides (EUP).


This up-to-date guide brings clarity and intelligibility not only to students but also potentially to professionals working in the EU.
- Times Higher Education