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The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland, Volume 2: Enlightenment and Expansion 1707–1800

Edited by Stephen W. Brown, Warren McDougall

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Studies the book trade during the age of Fergusson and Burns

Over 40 leading scholars come together in this volume to scrutinise the development and impact of printing, binding, bookselling, libraries, textbooks, distribution and international trade, copyright, piracy, literacy, music publication, women readers, children's books and cookery books. The 18th century saw Scotland become a global leader in publishing, both through landmark challenges to the early copyright legislation and through the development of intricate overseas markets that extended across Europe, Asia and the Americas. Scots in Edinburgh, Glasgow, London, Dublin and Philadelphia amassed fortunes while bringing to international markets classics in medicine and economics by Scottish authors, as well as such enduring works of reference as the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Entrepreneurship and a vigorous sense of nationalism brought Scotland from financial destitution at the time of the 1707 Union to extraordinary wealth by the 1790s. Publishing was one of the country's elite new industries.

Key Features

  • Discusses copyright and piracy with new data at a time when intellectual property laws are returning to 18th-century precedents
  • Provides new understandings of Scotland's early modern readerships, including women's libraries, music literacy, and the way in which Scots found in the growth of literacy an international marketplace for intellectual property
  • Original scholarship and previously unpublished source material on secular Gaelic print
  • 16 exclusive full colour images of rare Scottish bindings from private collections, 25 additional colour plates and 60 black and white illustrations

Contents

Plates
Figures
Tables
Abbreviations
Acknowledgements
Chronology
Introduction, Stephen W. Brown and Warren McDougall
Chapter One, The Emergence of the Modern Trade
Copyright and Scottishness, Warren McDougall
Inside the Printing House, John Morris
William Smellie: A Printer's Life, Stephen W. Brown
Paper, Stephen W. Brown
Bindings, William Zachs
The Glasgow Homer, Brian Hillyard
Richard Cooper Sr and Book Illustration, Joe Rock
Atlases, Map-makers and Map Engravers, Chris Fleet
Maps, Chris Fleet
John Kay, Caricaturist, Iain Gordon Brown
The Spread of Printing, Anette Hagan
Chapter Two, Developing a Marketplace for Books
Edinburgh, Warren McDougall
Bookselling in Early Eighteenth-Century Edinburgh, Richard Ovendon
The Business Papers of Bell & Bradfute, William Zachs
Glasgow, Michael Moss
Aberdeen and the North-East, Iain Beavan
The Gaelic Book, Ronald Black
Scottish Publishers in London, Richard B. Sher
Ireland, Stephen W. Brown and Warren McDougall
Chapter Three, Intellectual Exchanges and Scottish Authors Abroad
The Scottish-Dutch Trade, Esther Mijers
Scottish Authors in Germany, Thomas Ahnert
The Market for French Books, Stephen W. Brown
Hume's Political Discourses in France, Gilles Robel
Scottish Books and the Grand Tour, Iain Gordon Brown
Ossian in Europe, Howard Gaskill
Russia, Beatrice Teissier
Asia, Beatrice Teissier
America, Warren McDougall
The American Founders and Scottish Books, Terrence Moore
Canada, Fiona A. Black
Chapter Four, The Popular Press and the Public Reader
Literacy, Alexander Murdoch
Natural History, Natural Philosophy, and Readers, Matthew Eddy
Textbooks, Terrence Moore
Reading in Universities, Roger Emerson
Institutional Libraries, Murray C. T. Simpson
Private Libraries, Murray C. T. Simpson
Subscription and Circulating Libraries, K. A. Manley
Newspapers and Magazines, Stephen W. Brown
Edinburgh v the Advertiser: A Case Study, Martin Moonie
Cheap Print on Scottish Streets, John Scally
The Pamphlet, Iain Beavan
Pamphlet Wars in the 1790s, Gordon Pentland
Agricultural Pamphlets, Heather Holmes
Cookery Books, Catherine Brown
Children's Books, Brian Alderson
Chapter Five, Publishing the Enlightenment
Reading in Scottish Enlightenment, Mark Towsey
The 'Age of Criticism' and the Critical Reader: George Ridpath, Mark Towsey
Women's Reading, Mark Towsey
A Woman's Library in 1729: Grisel Erskine, Murray C. T. Simpson
Religion, Ann Matheson
Hugh Blair's Sermons, Ann Matheson
The Novel, Peter Garside
Adam Smith and Scottish Books on Political Economy, Richard B. Sher
Medicine, Fionna Macdonald
Agricultural Publishing, Heather Holmes
Archaeology in the Earlier Eighteenth Century, Iain Gordon Brown
The Journalistic Life: Thomas Blacklock, David Shuttleton
The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Stephen W. Brown and Warren McDougall
Chapter Six, Scottishness and the Trade
Print and Scotticisms, Marina Dossena
The Revival of Scotland's Older Literature, Alasdair MacDonald
Scots Poetry before Burns, Christopher Maclachlan
Robert Burns, G. Ross Roy
Music, David Johnson
Gaelic Secular Printing, Ronald Black
Contributors
Bibliography
Index.

About the Author

Stephen W. Brown is Professor of English at Trent University, Peterborough, Canada

Warren McDougall, born in Edinburgh, was a newspaper reporter in Canada and for many years an English teacher in Edinburgh. He attended the University of Western Ontario and the University of Edinburgh. His Edinburgh Ph.D. thesis in the mid 1970s - on Hamilton, Balfour and Neill - was the first modern study of the book trade in the Scottish Enlightenment, and he has subsequently written ground-breaking papers on the book in 18th century Scotland, including copyright litigation and the rise of the Scottish book trade, Scottish books for America, piracy and book smuggling, and Edinburgh medical publishing and the international book trade. He contributed articles on Scottish book trade figures to the New DNB, and is writing on the Scottish trade for the History of the Book in Britain vol. 5 and the History of the Book in America vol. 2, while his case study of a Scottish printer abroad will appear in A History of the Book in Canada vol. 1. He is writing a book on the Edinburgh bookseller Charles Elliot and is indexing for publication the entries in Elliot’s letterbooks and ledgers. Recently he has had fellowships at the Library Company of Philadelphia, the American Antiquarian Society, and Trent University, Canada, and is currently an honorary fellow at the Centre for the History of the Book, Edinburgh University. He is secretary of the Edinburgh Bibliographical Society.

Reviews

Amongst the national histories of the book, the Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland already occupies a prominent position. The publication of Volume 2: Enlightenment and Expansion, 1707-1800 will add to the acclaim given to the earlier published volumes (volumes 3 and 4). The editors Stephen W. Brown and Warren McDougal and their distinguished contributors have written an essential book for the study of Scottish culture and its history: it belongs in all major public and research libraries, and in many personal libraries.
- Trevor H. Howard-Hill, Editor, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America
This is cultural and intellectual history of the most precise kind: the books and pamphlets that were written, who produced, read, collected and absorbed them and the impact these publications had on the inner and outer life of eighteenth century Scotland. Whether it is the subject of the Union of 1707, the Enlightenment, the American Revolution, the French Revolution, David Hume, James Boswell, Adam Smith, Robert Burns or any of numerous other topics and figures, the reader will find in this volume the fast beating pulse of the most exciting century in Scottish literary and cultural history. All who work in eighteenth century Scottish Studies will need to test their ideas and conclusions against the findings of this magnificent volume.
- Gerard Carruthers, Reader in Scottish Literature, University of Glasgow

It certainly provides much stimulation and food for thought about some neglected aspects of material and literary culture in the period. And for anyone with a professional interest in book culture in Scotland in the century after the Union and in the cultural and economic infrastructure which underpinned the era of the Scottish Enlightenment, this is likely long to remain essential reading.

- David Allan, School of History, University of St Andrews, Journal of Scottish Historical Studies Vol 32, No1

This is an exceptional contribution to the now well-established genre of the national history of the book, which will be of great value to a wide range of scholars and interested readers.

- Joseph Marshall, University of Edinburgh, Library & Information History, Vol. 29 No. 1

This book is a most notable achievement.

- David McKitterick, Library, vol 13, no 3, September 2012
The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland labours under an impossible demand. Selectivity and orginality are the strength not the weakness of this lastest production.
- James Raven, TLS

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