Recommend to your Librarian

Request a Review Copy

Swedish Military Intelligence

Producing Knowledge

Gunilla Erikkson

eBook (ePub) i
eBook (PDF) i

Builds a revisionary theoretical framework for researching intelligence knowledge and applies it to the Swedish Military and Security Directorate

Gunilla Eriksson revises our perception of intelligence as carefully collected data and objective truth, arguing that there are hidden aspects to intelligence analysis that need to be uncovered and critically examined. This twofold study investigates the character of intelligence knowledge and the social context in which it is produced, using the Swedish Military and Security Directorate (MUST) as a case study.

Show more


Tables and Figures

Part I

1: Introduction

  • Intelligence – A Special Kind of Knowledge
  • Intelligence and Knowledge
  • Policy and Knowledge
  • Investigating Intelligence Knowledge Production
  • Outline of the Book

2: Framework for Researching Intelligence Knowledge

  • In Search of Theory
  • A View on Institutionalism
  • A View on Knowledge
  • Social and Textual Discursive Practice
  • The Framework Applied

Part II

3 Intelligence in Swedish Political Culture

  • The Specificities of Swedish Political Culture
  • A Culture of Compromise and Consensus

4: The Institutional Setting

  • Task and Legal Framework
  • The Process of Tasking and Directing
  • The Formalised Intelligence Work Process

5: The Swedish Military Intelligence Directorate

  • Before 1945
  • From 1945 Until 1989
  • From Cold War until Today
  • Summary

Part III

6: Practice for Producing Knowledge

  • Making Intelligence Analysis
  • Phase One: Getting the Question Right
  •  Phase Two: Reading Up
  • Phase Three: the Thinking Process
  • Phase Four: Aligning and Creating Support
  • Phase Five: Releasing the Assessment
  • Summary

7: Practice for Creating Knowledge

  • Directing the Intelligence Knowledge
  • The Literary Style
  • Consistency and Contradictions
  • The Ethic Component
  • Summary

Part IV

8: The Intelligence Worldview

  • Political Realism
  • Realism in the Estimates
  • Summary

9: The Representation of NATO

  • Constructing NATO
  • The Representation of NATO
  • NATO in an International Context
  • Summary

10: The Representation of Russia

  • Constructing Russia
  • The Representation of Russia
  • Russia in an International Context
  • Summary

11: The Representation of Terrorism

  • The Early Years
  • After the Re-Emergence of Terrorism
  • Recently
  • Summary

12: The Intelligence Discourse

  • Language Practice
  • Terms and Concepts
  • Facts, Arguments and Assumptions
  • Summary

Part V

13: The Intelligence ‘Style of Thought’ and ‘Collective of Thought’

  • Intelligence Social Practice
  • Intelligence Social Discursive Practice
  • Intelligence Textual Discursive Practice
  • Intelligence Knowledge Discourse
  • Concluding Reflections and Suggestions




Public Inquiries

Intelligence Estimates and Policy Documents



About the Author

Gunilla Eriksson is a post-doctoral researcher in the Department of War Studies at the Swedish National Defense University. She holds a PhD in political science from Örebro University, Sweden, Prior to her academic career, she was an intelligence analyst at the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service (MUST).


This book is a remarkable achievement in a field with a chronic shortage of contemporary in-depth empirical studies. Her investigation of the knowledge production process within the walls of an intelligence machinery offers unique insights, far beyond the ordinary handbook literature, personal recollections and historical accounts.

- Wilhelm Agrell, Lund University

You might also like ...