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Sovereignty After Empire

Comparing the Middle East and Central Asia

Edited by Sally N. Cummings, Raymond Hinnebusch

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How does empire affect the route to successor sovereign state systems and the features of the sovereignty of these systems?

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Contents

1. Introduction, Sally N. Cummings and Raymond Hinnebusch
Section One: Histories of Empire and After
2. Russian Empires, Dominic Lieven
3. The British and French empires in the Arab world: Some problems of colonial state-formation and its legacy, James McDougall
4. Ottoman Legacies and Economic Sovereignty in Post-Imperial Anatolia, Syria and Iraq, Fred Lawson
Section Two: Paths to Sovereignty - Views from the Core and Periphery
5. Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire and After, Ben Fortna
6. Mandated Sovereignty? The Role of International Law in the Construction of Arab Statehood during and after Empire, Michelle Burgis
7. Reluctant sovereigns? Central Asian states' path to independence, Mohira Suyarkulova
Section Three: Empire and Domestic Sovereignty
8. The Middle East after Empire: Sovereignty and Institutions, Louise Fawcett
9. Sovereignty after empire: the colonial roots of Central Asian authoritarianism, David Lewis
Section Four: Empire and Popular Sovereignty
10. Culture, Colonialism and Sovereignty in Central Asia, Laura L. Adams
11. Culture in the Middle East: the 'Western Question' and the sovereignty of post-imperial states in the Middle East, Morten Valbjørn
12. Pathways of Islamist mobilisation against the state in the Middle East and Central Asia, Frederic Volpi
Section Five: Empire and External Sovereignty
13. Empire and State Formation: Contrary tangents in Jordan and Syria, Raymond Hinnebusch
14. Rentierism, Dependency and Sovereignty in Central Asia, Wojciech Ostrowski
15. Tajikistan: from de facto colony to sovereign dependency, Muriel Atkin
Conclusions, Sally N. Cummings and Raymond Hinnebusch

About the Author

Sally N. Cummings is Senior Lecturer in the School of International Relations at the University of St Andrews. Her publications include Domestic and International Perspectives on Kyrgyzstan's 'Tulip Revolution' (ed.) (Taylor & Francis, 2009), Kazakhstan: Power and the Elite (IB Tauris, 2005), Oil, Transition and Security in Central Asia (ed.) (Routledge, 2003) and Kazakhstan: Centre-Periphery Relations (Brookings Institution, 2000).

Raymond Hinnebusch is Professor of International Relations and Middle East Politics at the University of St Andrews. His books include The Iraq War: Causes and Consequences, co- edited with Rick Fawn (Lynne Rienner Press, 2006), The International Politics of the Middle East (Manchester University Press, 2003), The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, edited with A. Ehteshami (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Press, 2002), Syria: Revolution from Above (London: Routledge, 2001), The Syrian-Iranian Alliance: Middle Powers in a Penetrated Regional System, with Anoushiravan Ehteshami (London: Routledge, 1997), Syria and the Middle East Peace Process, with Alasdair Drysdale (Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1991), Authoritarian Power and State Formation in Ba`thist Syria: Army, Party and Peasant (Westview Press, 1990), Peasant and Bureaucracy in Ba`thist Syria: The Political Economy of Rural Development (Westview Press, 1989) and Egyptian Politics Under Sadat (Cambridge University Press, 1985).

Reviews

Offering a novel way to understand the political structures of states in two significant areas of the non-European world, this book will make a significant contribution to thinking about the development of the state systems in the former colonial world.

- Roger Owen, Professor of Middle East History, Harvard University

This is an excellent study of the impact of empire on the post-colonial state and challenges the idea of a sharp break between empire and sovereignty. With its cutting-edge comparison of the Middle East and Central Asia, this is an impressive comparative historical and political analysis which will be a valuable and lasting contribution to the academic literature.

- Professor Roland Dannreuther, Head of Politics and International Relations, University of Westminster

This rich collection provides a thoughtful analysis of imperial rule and the meaning of sovereignty in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia. The contributions investigate the impact of the colonial experience on the subsequent trajectories of the ruled, and for their place in a dynamic and changing world.

- William Fierman, Indiana University

In this innovative book, leading international scholars compare notes on the experiences of post-Soviet Central Asia and the successor states of the Ottoman Empire. Theoretically rigorous and informed by important new research, each contributor sheds original light on these diverse Muslim states' transition from empire to sovereignty. A common cultural legacy grounded in Islamic history and a present reliance on hydrocarbons makes this study of two geostrategic regions required reading for scholars and decision makers alike.

- Eugene Rogan, Director of The Middle East Centre, University of Oxford