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Replication in the Long Nineteenth Century

Re-makings and Reproductions

Edited by Julie Codell, Linda K Hughes

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The first study of nineteenth-century replication across art, literature, science, social science and humanities

This landmark study explores replication as a nineteenth-century phenomenon. Replication, defined by Victorian artists as subsequent versions of a first version, similar but changed, occurred in art, literature, the press, merchandising, and historical reproductions in architecture and museums. Replication also shaped scientific concepts in biology and geology and scientific practices in laboratories that repeated experiments as part of the scientific method. Fourteen case studies map a range of nineteenth-century replication practices and associations across art, literature, science, media and material culture. While replication stirred imaginations as well as anxieties over the industrialisation that produced a modern mass culture, Replication in the Long Nineteenth Century suggests, nonetheless, that this phenomenon is a forerunner of our contemporary digital culture.

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List of Illustrations
1. Introduction: Remakings: Replications and Reproductions in the Nineteenth Century, Julie Codell and Linda K Hughes
I. Replication and Networks
2. Replication of Things: The Case for Composite Biographical Approaches, Sally M Foster
3. Transatlantic Autograph Replicas and the Uplifting of American Culture, Julie Codell
4. “Petty Larceny” and “Manufactured Science”: Nineteenth-Century Parasitology and the Politics of Replication, Emilie Taylor-Brown
5. Portraying and Performing the Copy, c. 1900, Dorothy Moss
II. Replication and Technology
6: Replicating Tennyson’s The Princess, 1847-1853, Linda K. Hughes
7. Paisley/Kashmir: Mapping the Imitation Indian Shawl, Suzanne Daly
8. William Morris and the Form and Politics of Replication, Elizabeth Miller
9. Text and Media Replication During the US-Mexican War, 1846-1848, Kathryn Ledbetter
III. Replication and Authenticity
10. Literary Replication and the Making of a Scientific “Fact”: Richard Owen’s Discovery of the Dinornis, Gowan Dawson
11. Copying from Nature: Biological Replication and Fraudulent Imposture in Grant Allen's An African Millionaire, Will Abberley
12. The Failure of Replication in Nineteenth-Century Literature: Why it All Just Comes Out Wrong, Dan Bivona
IV. Replication and Time
13. “Seeking Nothing and Finding It”: Moving On and Staying Put in Mugby Junction, James Mussell
14. The Origins of Replication in Science, Ryan D. Tweney
15. Fathers, Sons, Beetles, and “a family of hypotheses”: Replication, Variation and Information in Gregory Bateson’s Reading of William Bateson’s Rule, David Amigoni
V. Afterword: Implications of Nineteenth-Century Replication Culture, Julie Codell and Linda Hughes
Notes on Contributors.

About the Author

Julie Codell is Professor of Art History at Arizona State University. Her publications include Orientalism, Eroticism & Modern Visuality in Global Cultures (Routledge, 2016), The Victorian Artist: Artists' Life Writing in Britain (Cambridge UP, 2003) and Transculturation in British Art, 1770–1930 (Ashgate, 2012), among others.

Linda K. Hughes, Addie Levy Professor of Literature at TCU, specializes in the intersections of 19th-century gender, genre, and publishing history, including transnational circulation. Co-editor of A Feminist Reader: Feminist Thought from Sappho to Satrapi (4 vol., Cambridge UP, 2013) and author of The Cambridge Introduction to Victorian Poetry (2010), she won the biennial British Women Writers Association Award for scholarly contributions and mentoring (2012), and several TCU teaching awards.


Introducing a very productive conceptual category for thinking about nineteenth-century evaluative systems and truth claims, this is a groundbreaking collection.

- Pamela Fletcher, Bowdoin College

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