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Pascual de Gayangos

A Nineteenth-Century Spanish Arabist

Edited by Cristina Alvarez Millan, Claudia Heide

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Pascual de Gayangos (1809-97) celebrated Spanish Orientalist and polymath, is recognised as the father of the modern school of Arabic studies in Spain. He gave Islamic Spain its own voice, for the first time representing Spain's 'other' from 'within' not from without. This collection, the first major study of Gayangos, celebrates the 200th anniversary of his birth.

Covering a wide range of subjects, it reflects the multiple fields in which Gayangos was involved: scholarship on the culture of Islamic and Christian Spain; history, literature, art; conservation and preservation of national heritage; formation of archives and collections; education; tourism; diplomacy and politics. Amalgamating and understanding Gayangos's multiple identities, it reinstates his importance for cultural life in nineteenth-century Spain, Britain and North America.

It is also argued that Gayangos's scholarly achievements and his influence have a political dimension. His work must be seen in relation to the quest for a national identity which marked the nineteenth century: what was the significance of Spain's Islamic past, and the Imperial Golden Age to the culture of modern Spain? The chapters, informed by post-colonial theory, reception theory and theories of national identity, uncover some of the complexities of the process that shaped Spain's national identity.

In the course of this book, Gayangos is shown to be a figure with many facets and several intellectual lives: Arabist, historian, liberal, researcher, editor, numismatist, traveller, translator, diplomat, perhaps a spy, a generous collaborator and one of Spain's greatest bibliophiles.


List of illustrations
I Introduction
1. The Life of Pascual de Gayangos 1809-1897, Dr Cristina Álvarez Millán (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid)
2. Gayangos and the World of Politics: Part 1: 'Gayangos and politics in Spain', Miguel Ángel Álvarez Ramos (Independent Scholar, Madrid)
Part 2: 'Gayangos and the Whigs in Britain', Dr Claudia Heide (University of Edinburgh)
II Arabism
3. The Estranged Self of Spain: Oriental Obsessions in the Time of Gayangos, Professor Andrew Ginger (Stirling University)
4. Scholarship and Criticism: The Letters of Dozy to Gayangos (1841-1852), Professor Manuela Marin (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicos, Madrid)
III Gayangos in the English-Speaking World
5. Gayangos in the English context, Professor Richard Hitchcock (University of Exeter)
6. Gayangos: Prescott's Most Indispensible Aid, C. Harvey Gardiner (former Professor at the Southern University of Illinois)
7. 'Más ven cuatro ojos que dos' - Gayangos and Anglo-American Hispanism, Dr Claudia Heide (University of Edinburgh)
8. Gayangos and the Boston Brahmins, Professor Thomas F. Glick (Boston University)
IV Gayangos and Material Culture
9. Pascual de Gayangos: A Scholarly Traveller, Miguel Ángel Álvarez Ramos (Independent Scholar, Madrid)
10. Gayangos' Legacy: his son-in-law Juan Facundo Riaño (1829-1901) and the Victoria and Albert Museum, Dr Marjorie Trusted, V&A.

About the Author

Cristina Álvarez Millán is a Research Fellow in the Department ofMedieval History at the UNED (Madrid). An Arabist, and a former ResearchFellow at the Wellcome Institute of the History of Medicine (London), shespecialises in medieval Islamic Medicine. She was involved with research into the Oriental Collection in the Real Academia de la Historia.

Claudia Heide is a Part-time Lecturer in the School of Arts, Culture and Environment at the University of Edinburgh. A former research fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Edinburgh, Claudia Heide currently teaches history of art in the School of Arts, Culture and Environment at the University of Edinburgh. Her special interest is Spanish culture from the Middle Ages to the present day, including its reception in Britain and North America. Gayangos' role in Anglo-American Hispanism was the subject of her Ph.D. She is collaborating in an exhibition on British artists and collectors in Spain to be held at the National Gallery of Scotland in 2009.


The contributions in this book are consistently well-written and offer convincing interpretations of interesting new material. … This is an important contribution to the study of the history of Oriental Studies, which presents a much more nuanced picture than the clear-cut divisions often inferred from Said's Orientalism.
- Anna Akasoy, University of Oxford, Journal of Islamic Studies

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