Muslims have come to be perceived as the 'Other' that is most threatening to British society. This book argues that what begins as a narrative of racial exclusion and black-white division has been complicated by cultural racism, Islamophobia and an unexpected challenge to secular modernity. Moreover, the idea of 'race' as underclass has had to contend with the creation of middle class formations and high levels of participation in higher education among some non-white groups. These plural divisions are not intractable but require us to rethink simplistic and monistic ideas about racism, secularism, liberalism and what it means to be British.
Part 1: Racisms, Disadvantage and Upward Mobility
2. `Difference', Cultural-Racism and Anti-Racism
3. If Races Do Not Exist, Then What Does? Racial Categorisation and Ethnic Realities
4. Ethnic Diversity and Racial Disadvantage in Employment
5. Ethnic Differentials in Educational Performance
Part 2: The Muslim Challenge
6. Reflections on the Salman Rushdie Affair: Muslims, Race and Equality in Britain
7. Muslims, Incitement to Hatred and the Law
8. Multiculturalism, Secularism and the State
9. Muslims and the Politics of Multiculturalism
10. Rethinking Multiculturalism and Liberalism
11. Conclusion: Plural Britishness.