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Military Engineers

The Development of the Early Modern European State

Bruce Lenman


A unique insight into the role of the Early-Modern European military engineers in the construction and empowerment of sovereign authority

From the Italian Renaissance to the Napoleonic Wars military engineers became indispensable as devisers of the complex systems of fortification needed to resist more and more powerful artillery. They were equally essential as managers of the technical business of besieging such fortifications. Though comparatively few in number, they could be the only numerate elite available to rulers. Often from an artistic background, and always with some mathematical training, they were natural polymaths capable of turning their hands to an astonishing range of activities. These included cartography, town and port planning, architecture, drainage and water supply, and road and canal building, not to mention archaeology, fireworks, fountains and fine art. Here an international team of scholars looks at these ubiquitous talents at work in peace and war from Russia and Turkey through western Europe to America and India, and asks what they tell us about states and identities in a world so different from our own.

About the Author

Bruce P. Lenman is Emeritus Professor of Modern History at the University of St Andrews and an Honorary Professor at the University of Dundee.


This important study is certainly recommended to anyone with a serious interest in military engineering.
- David Flintham, Casemate 100