Marx with Spinoza

Production, Alienation, History

Franck Fischbach
Translated by Jason Read

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A provocative study of the intersection of Spinoza and Marx that shows how their respective philosophies engage overlapping questions and problems

  • Offers the first translation of Fischbach’s work, and the most important book published in France on Spinoza and Marx, into English
  • Pairs these philosophers of production who are both critical philosophers of subjectivity
  • Presents a major study of the points of intersection in the thought of Spinoza and Marx
  • Develops original approaches to concepts such as alienation, history, and nature

Spinoza and Marx would seem to be two very opposed philosophers. Spinoza was interested in contemplating eternal truths of nature while Marx was interested in the history of capital.

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Reference Conventions

Preface to the Second Edition

Introduction: Spinoza, Marx and the Politics of Liberation 

  1. Marxism and Spinozism
  2. Pars Naturae
  3. Enduring Social Relations
  4. The Identity of Nature and History
  5. With Respect to Contradiction
  6. The Secondary Nature of the Consciousness of Self
  7. Subjectivity and Alienation (or the Impotence of the Subject)
  8. The Factory of Subjectivity
  9. Pure and Impure Activity

Conclusion: Metaphysics and Production

Appendix: The Question of Alienation: Frédéric Lordon, Marx and Spinoza

Works Cited

Twentieth-century Marxism has often turned to Spinoza to breathe new life into Marx's thought (think of Louis Althusser and Antonio Negri). In a similar vein, Franck Fischbach offers us an astonishing new reading of Marx's 1844 Manuscripts in the light of Spinoza, simultaneously generating an original reading of Spinoza in the light of Marx. At the intersection of these two interpretive movements lies a novel conception of alienation, which, in Fischbach's hands, becomes a sharp theoretical tool for reading the present.

Vittorio Morfino, University of Milan-Bicocca

By employing Spinoza as a lens or filter for rereading Marx, Fischbach’s wonderfully lucid analysis not only demonstrates how much the two thinkers share foundational philosophical arguments but also casts a new light to illuminate Marx’s work as a whole.

Michael Hardt, Duke University
Fischbach’s book provides a crucial counterbalance against the presumed affinity between Marx’s later works and Spinoza’s monist metaphysics.
Kenneth Novis, Marx and Philosophy Review of Books

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