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Leibniz's Monadology

A New Translation and Guide

Lloyd Strickland

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A fresh translation and in-depth commentary of Leibniz’s seminal text, the Monadology

Written in 1714, the Monadology is widely considered to be the classic statement of Leibniz’s mature philosophy. In the space of 90 numbered paragraphs, totalling little more than 6000 words, Leibniz outlines – and argues for – the core features of his philosophical system. Although rightly regarded as a masterpiece, it is also a very condensed work that generations of students have struggled to understand.

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About the Text and Translation
The Monadology
The Structure of the Monadology
The Monadology: Text with Running Commentary
Glossary of Terms
Questions for Further Study
Further Reading

About the Author

Lloyd Strickland is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at Manchester Metropolitan University, having previously worked at the University of Wales, Lampeter, the University of Central Lancashire, and Lancaster University. His principal research interests are Early Modern Philosophy, and Philosophy of Religion. He has published numerous articles on both fields, as well as 3 books: Leibniz Reinterpreted (2006), Shorter Leibniz Texts (2006), and Leibniz and the Two Sophies (2011). He also runs a Leibniz website:


The 'Monadology' is probably the most widely studied of Leibniz's works but it is also among the most difficult. This book provides an in-depth commentary that is clearly written, superbly documented, and philosophically penetrating; it will be a great help to students at all levels.

- Nicholas Jolley, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Irvine

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