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Islam and Economic Policy

An Introduction

Rodney Wilson

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To what extent do Islamic values have implications for economic policy making?

Islamist political parties have enjoyed unprecedented election victories in recent times. The Islamic Revolution in Iran, the election of the Justice and Development Party in Turkey and the coming to power of Islamists, albeit briefly, after the Arab Spring, has changed the political landscape in the Middle East and has ramifications for the entire Muslim World. Yet the continuing success of these parties depends on their record on economic development and employment creation. Are their economic policies different from those of their autocratic predecessors? Have they been influenced by the writings of academic Islamist economists? This book looks at the impact of Islamic teaching on public economic policy and asks how Islamic economics differs from mainstream micro and macroeconomics.

Key Features

  • Looks at how Islamic values can influence choices made by businesses and governments
  • Asks whether Shari'ah teaching affects taxation and social welfare policies
  • Assesses the potential of Islamic economics to provide an alternative to a capitalist economic system and looks at the implications for international economic relations
  • Individual chapters evaluate the economic successes and failures of OIC member states (Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, Tunisia and Turkey) and their changing status in the global economic order


List of tables
Part 1: Ideas, themes and measures
1. Economic philosophy from a Shari’ah perspective
2. Microeconomic morality
3. Fiscal policy choices to promote social justice
4. Development policy
5. International economic engagement
6. Banking regulation, monetary policy and Islamic finance
Part 2. Country experiences
7. Islam and economic modernisation in Turkey
8. The Islamic Republic of Iran’s nationalist economic model
9. The influence of the Muslim Brotherhood on Egypt’s economy
10. Piety, inclusion and materialism in Saudi Arabia
11. Faith and political economy in Pakistan and Bangladesh
12. Asian versus Muslim identities in Malaysia and Indonesia

About the Author

Professor Wilson was the founder of the Islamic finance programme at Durham University in the United Kingdom where he continues to be an Emeritus Professor. He was a Visiting Professor at the Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies in from 2009 untill 2012 and since 2013 has been an Emeritus Professor at the International Centre of Education in Islamic Finance (INCEIF), Kuala Lumpur. Professor Wilson was awarded the IDB prize in Islamic banking in 2014 in recognition of his academic work on the subject.


With pragmatic policy guidelines from an Islamic perspective - the product of professional analysis by one of the most senior writers in Islamic economics and finance - this book is a crucial addition to the shelves of libraries, desks of corporate CEOs and top policy-makers.

- Munawar Iqbal, Senior Professor Islamic Economics Institute, King Abdulaziz University

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