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If I Survive

Frederick Douglass and Family in the Walter O. Evans Collection

Celeste-Marie Bernier, Andrew Taylor

Paperback (Forthcoming)
£19.99
Hardback (Forthcoming)
£95.00

Previously unseen speeches, letters, autobiographies, and photographs of Frederick Douglass and his sons, Lewis Henry, Frederick Jr. and Charles Remond Douglass, from the Walter O. Evans collection

While the many public lives of Frederick Douglass – as the representative ‘fugitive slave’, autobiographer, orator, abolitionist, reformer, philosopher and statesman – are lionised worldwide, If I Survive sheds light on the private life of Douglass the family man. For the first time, this book provides readers with a collective biography mapping the activism, authorship and artistry of Douglass and his sons, Lewis Henry, Frederick Jr. and Charles Remond Douglass. In one volume, the history of the Douglass family appears alongside full colour facsimile reproductions of their over 80 previously unpublished speeches, letters, autobiographies and photographs held in the Walter O. Evans Collection. All of life can be found within these pages: romance, hope, despair, love, life, death, war, protest, politics, art, and friendship. Working together and against a changing backdrop of US slavery, Civil War and Reconstruction, the Douglass family fought for a new ‘dawn of freedom’.

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Contents

Foreword, Robert S. Levine
Preface
‘My Only Way of Fighting’
Walter O. Evans and Collecting ‘400 years of Black History’

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgements

Frederick Douglass Family Tree

Introduction
‘We Labored with our Father’
The Told Story of Frederick Douglass is the Untold Story of His Family

A Note on Texts and Editorial Practice

Part I. Our Bondage and Our Freedom

Frederick Douglass and Family Chronologies

Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)

Lewis Henry Douglass (1841-1908)

Frederick Douglass Jr. (1842-1892)

Charles Remond Douglass (1844-1920)

Part II. An ‘Undying’ Love Story
‘A Heart of Love:’ The Courtship of Helen Amelia Loguen and Lewis Henry Douglass

1. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, December 22, 1860.

2. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, June 1, 1861.

3. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, September 24, 1861.

4. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, September 29, 1861.

5. Helen Amelia Loguen to Lewis Henry Douglass, Syracuse, October 3, 1861.

6. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, December 8, 1861.

7. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, July 11, 1862.

8. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Salem New Jersey, November 20, 1862.

9. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Salem, December 29, 1862.

Part III. ‘Men of Color, To Arms!’

Fighting ‘Freedom’s Battle:’ Frederick, Lewis Henry, Frederick Jr., and Charles Remond Douglass’s Civil War

‘Do Not Think of Me in Pain:’ Lewis Henry Douglass’s Civil War Letters to Helen Amelia Loguen, Anna Murray Douglass, and Frederick Douglass

10. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, March 31, 1863.

11. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, April 8, 1863. [Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress]

12. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, April 15, 1863.

13. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, May 9, 1863.

14. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, May 20, 1863.

15. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Camp Meigs, Readville, Massachusetts, May 27 [1863].

16. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, St. Simons Island, Georgia, June 18, 1863.

17. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Morris Island, August 15, [1863].

18. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Morris Island, August 27, 1863.

19. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, January 31, 1864.

‘I take a bullet first:’ Charles Remond Douglass’s Civil War Letters to Anna Murray and Frederick Douglass

20. Charles Remond Douglass to Frederick Douglass, Camp Meigs, Readville, July 6th 1863. [Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress]

21. Charles Remond Douglass to Frederick Douglass, Boston, September 8, 1863. [Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress]

22. Charles Remond Douglass to Frederick Douglass, Boston, September 18, 1863. [Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress]

23. Charles Remond Douglass to Frederick Douglass, Boston, December 20, 1863. [Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress]

24. Charles Remond Douglass to Frederick Douglass, Camp Hamilton, City Point Virginia, near Bermuda Hundred, May 31 1864.

25. Charles Remond Douglass to Anna Murray and Frederick Douglass, Point Lookout, Md., September 15, 1864. [Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress]

Part IV. The ‘Incontestable Voice of History’ in Frederick Douglass’s Manuscripts

26. ‘The energy that slumbers in the black man’s arm:’ Lecture on Santo Domingo, c. 1873.

27. ‘It is hard for a white man to do justice to a black man:’ The Louisiana Senator [P.B.S. Pinchback], c. 1876.

28. ‘My own murdered people:’ William the Silent, 1876.

29. ‘The Welfare of the Colored People:’ The Exodus from the South, c. 1879.

30. ‘A great example of heroic endeavor:’ Eulogy for William Lloyd Garrison, 1879.

Part V. ‘I Glory in your Spirit’
Frederick Douglass and Family’s Fight for the Cause of Liberty in a Post-Emancipation Era

31. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, NY, May 20, 1864.

32. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Mitchellville, MD, September 28, 1864.

33. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Rochester, NY, March 26, 1865.

34. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Ferry Neck, MD, January 7, 1866.

35. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Denver, CO, September 30, 1866.

36. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Philadelphia, PA, February 10, 1868.

37. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Washington D.C., July 5, 1869.

38. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Washington D.C., July 17, 1869.

39. Frederick Douglass to Lewis Henry Douglass, Rochester, NY, July 21 1869.

40. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen, Washington D.C., September 15, 1869.

41. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, [Washington D.C.], December 5, 1870.

42. Lewis Henry Douglass, ‘To Columbian Typographical Union No. 101,’ [Washington D.C., January 1871.

43. Frederick Douglass to Judge Edmunds, Washington D.C., August 29, 1876.

44. Frederick Douglass to Mrs. Marks, Washington D.C., February 13, 1884.

45. Frederick Douglass to Charles Remond Douglass, Port Au Prince [Haiti], February 25, 1891.

46. Frederick Douglass to Lewis Henry Douglass, March 7 [Port-au-Prince, Haiti], 1891.

47. Frederick Douglass to Charles Remond Douglass, c. April 1891.

48. Frederick Douglass to Catherine Swan Brown Spear, Cedar Hill, Washington D.C., March 7, 1892.

49. Frederick Douglass to Charles Remond Douglass, Haitian Pavilion, Chicago, October 7, 1893.

50. Haley George Douglass to Frederick Douglass, Washington D.C, March 3, 1893.

51. Frederick Douglass to Haley Douglass, Cedar Hill, [Washington D.C.], March 7, 1893

52. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, [Washington D.C.] December 19, 1894.

53. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, [Washington D.C.] January 20, 1895.

54. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, [Washington D.C.] January 30, 1895.

55. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, Washington D.C., February 18, 1895.

56. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, Washington D.C., October 9, 1900.

57. Lewis Henry Douglass to Helen Amelia Loguen Douglass, Washington D.C., July 5, 1905.

58. Lewis Henry Douglass, ‘Scrapbook,’ Washington D.C., August 2, 1907.

59. Lewis Henry Douglass to W. J. Vernon Esq., Washington D.C., December 3, 1907.

Part VI. ‘I was Born’
Suffering and Sacrifice: Frederick Douglass Jr. and Virginia L. M. Douglass’s Unpublished Works

60. Frederick Douglass Jr., Frederick Douglass Jr. in brief from 1842-1890 [c.1890].

61. Frederick Douglass Jr., Untitled Autobiography of Virginia L. M. Hewlett [c.1890].

62. Virginia L. M. Hewlett, To the Fifty Mass. Cavalry, 1864.

Part VII. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave and Freeman, as told by Charles Remond Douglass

The ‘Sacrifices of my Father[’]s Family:’ Charles Remond Douglass as Family Historian

63. Charles Remond Douglass, ‘Some Incidents of the Home Life of Frederick Douglass,’ [c. February 1917].

Part VIII. Frederick Douglass and Family in Photographs and Prints
Walter O. Evans’s Frederick Douglass and Family Album

64. John Chester Buttre, Frederick Douglass [c.1853].

65. Anon., Charles Remond Douglass, [c. 1863].

66. Anon., Lewis Henry Douglass, [c. 1863].

67. Anon. Lewis Henry Douglass, [c, 1870].

68. [Anon.], Mathew Brady, Frederick Douglass, [c. 1877].

69. Anon. Frederick Douglass and Unidentified Family Members, Cedar Hill, [c. 1891].

70. Anon. [Dennis (or Denys) Bourdon], Joseph Henry Douglass and Frederick Douglass, May 10, 1894.

71. Anon., Charles Remond, Joseph Henry, and Lewis Henry Douglass, February 1895.

72. Anon., Charles Remond, Joseph Henry, and Lewis Henry Douglass, February 1895. [Second copy in the collection].

73. J. H. Kent, Charles Remond Douglass, Rochester NY, n.d.

74. Anon., Charles Remond Douglass, ‘Commander Frederick Douglass Post No. 21’, n.d.

75. Anon., Charles Remond Douglass, n.d.

76. Anon, Charles Remond Douglass, n.d.

77. E. Paul Tilghman, Lewis Henry Douglass, n.d., New Bedford, Mass.

78. Anon., Lewis Henry Douglass and unidentified children, n.d.

79. Anon., Unveiling of Frederick Douglass Monument, n.d., [June 9 1899].

80. J. H. Kent, Frederick Douglass Monument, Rochester NY, [c. 1899].

81. Anon, Haley G. Douglass, Highland Beach, 1895.

82. Anon., [Unidentified] Charles A. Fraser, c. 1882.

83. Anon., [Unidentified Woman], n.d.

84. Anon., [Unidentified Woman in a Rural Landscape], n.d.

85. Anon., Haley George Douglass and Evelyn Virginia Dulaney Douglass, n.d.

86. Anon., [Exterior Landscape, Three Male Children], n.d.

Part IX. Frederick Douglass and Family Resources

Walter O. Evans Frederick Douglass and Family Collection Inventory

Public and Private Archives and Repositories

Primary and Secondary Further Reading
Part X. Helen Amelia Loguen Correspondence in the Walter O. Evans Collection Inventory
Afterword, Kim F. Hall
Index.

About the Author

Celeste-Marie Bernier is Professor of Black Studies and Personal Chair in English Literature at the University of Edinburgh. She is the author of African American Visual Arts; Characters of Blood: Black Heroism in the Transatlantic Imagination; Suffering and Sunset; World War I in the Art and Life of Horace Pippin; Stick to the Skin: African American and Black British Art (1965-2015).

Andrew Taylor is a Senior Lecturer in English Literature at the University of Edinburgh.

Reviews

This a remarkable breakthrough book on collecting. This unique and well-researched book transforms the family and public archive of Frederick Douglass into a living monument that breathes new life into the idea of public memory.

- Deborah Willis, New York University

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