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Diocletian and the Tetrarchy

Roger Rees

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This book aims to make accessible the sources and controversies concerning a key period in the history of the Roman Empire - the reign of Diocletian and its immediate aftermath. Diocletian was an emperor of unusual ambition, and his reign saw considerable military success, an experiment in collegiate government, a move towards provincial capitals away from Rome, a reorganisation of the administrative machinery of empire and its finances, and a committed project to persecute the Christians.

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Contents

Contents
Preface iv
Abbreviations vi
Maps vii
Part I Debates 1
Introduction: History and Narrative 2
Chapter 1 Army 15
Chapter 2 Administration 29

Chapter 3 Economics 47
Chapter 4 Ceremonial 59
Chapter 5 Religion 73
Chapter 6 Unity, Succession and Legitimacy 93
Conclusion 111
Part II Documents
1 Aurelius Victor, Book of the Caesars 119
2 Eutropius, Breviarium 126
3 Festus, Breviarium 132
4 Epitome about the Caesars 133
5 Anonymous Valesianus 136
6 Lactantius, On the Deaths of the Persecutors 137
7 Ammianus Marcellinus, Histories 157
8 Eusebius, History of the Church 158
9 Malalas, Chronicle 171
10 Zosimus, New History 172
11 Panegyrici Latini X(2) 173
12 Panegyrici Latini XI(3) 177
13 Panegyrici Latini VIII(4) 181
14 Panegyrici Latini IX(5) 186
15 Panegyrici Latini VII(6) 187
16 Panegyrici Latini VI(7) 188
17 Panegyrici Latini V(8) 190
18 Historia Augusta 192
19 Edict of Maximal Prices 193
20 Inscriptions 204
21 Panopolis Papyri 208
22 Edict of Aristius Optatus 223
23 Land Declaration 224
24 Legal Petition 227
25 Notitia Dignitatum, text 228
26 Notitia Dignitatum, Saxon Shore 244
27 Verona List 245
28 Manichaean rescript 251
29 Theodosian Code 253
30 Justinianic Code 254
31 Act of St. Crispina 257
32 Act of Felix the Bishop 261
33 Act of Julius the Veteran 263
34 Luxor fresco, Gardner Wilkinson 266
35 Palace at Split, plan 267
36 Palace at Gamzigrad, plan 268
37 Palace at Trier, plan 269
38 Portchester Fort 270
39 Senate House, Rome 271
40 Arch of Galerius, Thesssalonica, detail 272
41 Constantinian Basilica, Trier 273
42 Maxentian Basilica, Rome 274
43a, b Decennalia base, Rome, details 275
44 Coin of Carausius 276
45 Arras Medallion 277

46 Porphyry group, Venice 278
47 Porphyry group, Vatican Library 279
48 Bust of Diocletian (?), Worcester Museum 280
49 Bust of Licinius (?), Egyptian Museum Cairo 281
50 Bust of Galerius (?), Gamzigrad 282
Chronology 283
Further Reading 285
Essay questions 292
Bibliography 295
Glossary 307
Websites 309.

About the Author

Roger Rees is a Reader in Classics at the University of St Andrews. He studied at Cambridge and St Andrews, and has taught at Newcastle, Edinburgh and Trinity College Dublin. His research focuses on the history and literature of the Roman Empire, especially in Late Antiquity. He lives in Fife.

Reviews

The book is well done and could be recommended to all students of this very important topic.
- Journal of Ancient Civilisations
This reviewer was impressed by Rees' excellent control of both the primary sources and the secondary literature on the Tetrarchy. His judgements on various contentious issues are balanced, and, in many cases, he allows the reader to draw his or her own conclusions based on the weight of the evidence…. a good introduction to the reign of Diocletian and his co-rulers for the average undergraduate or graduate student.
- BMCR

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