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Democratisation in the Maghreb

J.N.C. Hill

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Compares the political development of four Maghreb countries: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Mauritania

The past few years have been a period of unprecedented political upheaval for the Maghreb. A protest which began in a provincial city in one of North Africa’s quieter corners quickly engulfed the entire region. Presidents of decades standing were swept from office on waves of public discontent while their counterparts elsewhere nervously tried to calm the mob. In several places these protests are still being played out; in the law courts of Egypt, on the battlefields of Libya, and in the leaking tubs carrying migrants to Europe. And even where the winds of change have died down, the political and social landscape is altered from before.

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Contents

Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
Introduction
1. Levitsky and Way and Competitive Authoritarianism
Leverage, Linkage and Organisational Power: An Overview
Leverage
Linkage
Organisational Power
Conclusions
2. Tunisia
Linkage
Leverage
Organisational Power
Origins and Evolution of the Regime
Conclusions
3. Algeria
Linkage
Leverage
Organisational Power
Origins and Evolution of the Regime
Conclusions
4. Morocco
Linkage
Leverage
Organisational Power
Origins and Evolution of the Regime
Conclusions
5. Mauritania
Linkage
Leverage
Organisational Power
Origins and Evolution of the Regime
Conclusions
Conclusions
Index.

About the Author

J.N.C Hill is Reader in Postcolonialism and the Maghreb in the Defence Studies Department at King’s College London. He is also an Associate Member of the Institute of Middle Eastern Studies at King’s College London and a Visiting Fellow of the Middle East Centre at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is a member of the Board of Advisory Editors for the Middle East Journal and a Fellow of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies. He is author of Nigeria since Independence: Forever Fragile? (2012) and Identity in Algerian Politics: The Legacy of Colonial Rule (2009).

Reviews

'J.N.C. Hill has produced a convincing account of politics in the Maghreb which is theoretically sophisticated and filled with empirical insight. It is particularly valuable for its inclusion of the case of Mauritania alongside those of Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, and deserves a wide readership among scholars and students alike.'

- Vincent Durac, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin
'[Democratisation in the Maghreb] addresses how the uprisings have changed politics in state-to-state dynamics, or international relations...One of Hill’s most important contributions comes with its application of Levisky and Way’s theory to North Africa, utilizing underexploited cases where it has never before been tested.'
- Matt Buehler, Mediterranean Politics
'Democratisation in the Maghreb provides a good overview of the changing political landscape following the Arab Spring. In particular, it has the value of considering the under-studied aftermath of the 2011-12 protests in Algeria and Mauritania. Moreover, Hill’s close reading of Levitsky and Way means that the volume is an important contribution to the theoretical literature on democratic transition.'
- JAMES ROSLINGTON, The Maghreb Review

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