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Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Edited by Kenneth R. Ross, J. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu, Todd M. Johnson

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Combines empirical data and original analysis in a uniquely detailed account of Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa

This comprehensive reference volume covers every country in Sub-Saharan Africa, offering reliable demographic information and original interpretative essays by indigenous scholars and practitioners. It maps patterns of growth and decline, assesses major traditions and movements, analyses key themes and examines current trends.

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Series Preface
Volume Preface

Introduction: Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa, J. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu


South Africa, Tinyiko Maluleke
Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia and Botswana, James Amanze
Mozambique, Isaias Titoce
Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi, Hany Longwe
Madagascar, Solomon Andriatsimialomananarivo
Mauritius, Rodney Curpanen
Reunion, Jacqueline Andoche and Valérie Aubourg
Seychelles, Comoros, Mayotte and Saint Helena, Todd M. Johnson and Kenneth R. Ross
Kenya and Tanzania, Wanjiru Gitau
Rwanda and Burundi, Tharcisse Gatwa
Uganda and South Sudan, Richard Nnyombi
Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Djibouti, Tibebe Eshete
Angola, Sao Tome and Principe, Luciano Chianeque
Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, Jean-Gottfried Mutombo
Central African Republic, Togo, Ivory Coast, Benin and Cameroon, Elias Bongmba
Nigeria, Elijah Obinna
Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone, Cephas N. Omenyo
Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde, Simon K. Dossou
Niger, Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso and Mauritania, Emmanuel Foro
Major Christian Traditions

Anglicans, James Tengatenga
Independents, Nicta Lubaale
Orthodox, Daniel Seifemichael and Ralph Lee
Protestants, Setri Nyomi
Roman Catholics, Anthony Egan
Evangelicals, Tony Balcomb
Pentecostals/Charismatics, Deji Isaac Ayegboyin and Michael Ogunewu

Key Themes

Faith and Culture, Mary Getui
Worship and Spirituality, John S. Pobee
Theology, Francis Anekwe Oborji
Social and Political Context, Musa W. Dube and Malebogo Kgalemang
Mission and Evangelism, Esther Mombo
Gender, Isabel Apawo Phiri and Chammah Kaunda
Religious Freedom, Frans Veerman and Christof Sauer
Inter-religious Relations, Evaristi Cornelli
The Bible in African Christianity, Ukachukwu Chris Manus
The Anthropology of Evil, Afe Adogame
Migration, Amélé Ekué

The Future of Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa, Mercy Amba Oduyoye

About the Author

Kenneth Ross, formerly Professor of Theology at the University of Malawi, has also served as General Secretary of the Church of Scotland Board of World Mission. Over the last three decades he has published extensively on Global Christianity. Currently he is parish minister at Netherlorn in Argyll, Hon Fellow of Edinburgh University School of Divinity, and Chair of the Scotland Malawi Partnership. He was awarded the OBE in the Queen’s New Year Honours in 2016.

J. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu is Fellow of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences, is Baëta-Grau Professor of Contemporary African Christianity and Pentecostal/Charismatic Theology at the Trinity Theological Seminary, Legon, Ghana. He has served as Visiting Scholar to Harvard University; Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota; the Overseas Center for Mission Studies, New Haven; and Asbury Seminary, in Kentucky. He is author of Contemporary Pentecostal Christianity: Interpretations from an African Context (2013) and African Charismatics: Current Developments within Independent Indigenous Pentecostalism in Ghana (2005). He is co-editor of Pentecostal Mission and Global Christianity (2014) and Babel is Everywhere! Migrant Readings from Africa, Europe and Asia (2013).

Todd M. Johnson is Associate Professor of Global Christianity and Director of the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in Boston, MA. Johnson is Associate Faculty at Boston University’s Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs leading a research project on international religious demography. He has published encyclopedias, atlases, databases, monographs, and scholarly articles on counting religionists around the world.


This useful reference guide to the profile of Christianity in Africa is a reminder of the important religious and cultural shifts that have transformed the continent in very recent times and helps us keep our finger on the pulse of future changes.

- Lamin Sanneh, D. Willis James Professor of Mission and World Christianity, Yale Divinity School

'This is a massive volume and a veritable treasure trove of facts and analyses on African Christianity...the book combines hard statistical data with analyses by critical insiders of African Christianity and the style is informative and very user-friendly…it will become the standard handbook on African Christianity.'

- Mika Vähäkangas, Lund University, Mission Studies
'A useful and valuable resource for studying African Christianity. The fact that most of the contributions were written by eminent African scholars reinforces the book’s significance and standing.'
- Martha Frederiks, Utrecht University, Exchange

'A very usable and comprehensive overview of Christianity in Africa for scholars to keep on their shelves for easy consultation. The volume’s approachability, recognized authority of individual chapter authors, and clear language also makes it a needed reference for any university library. Each chapter includes a bibliography, giving students a trail to follow to find more information about the topic they are researching.'

- Dianna Bell, University of Cape Town, Journal of Religion in Africa

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