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Christianity in South and Central Asia

Edited by Kenneth R. Ross, Daniel Jeyaraj, Todd M. Johnson

Hardback (Forthcoming)

Combines empirical data and original analysis in a uniquely detailed account of Christianity in South and Central Asia

This comprehensive reference volume covers every country in South and Central Asia, offering reliable demographic information and original interpretative essays by indigenous scholars and practitioners. It maps patterns of growth and decline, assesses major traditions and movements, analyses key themes and examines current trends.

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Series Preface

Volume Preface


A Demographic Profile of Christianity in South and Central Asia, Gina A. Zurlo
Christianity in South and Central Asia, Daniel Jeyaraj
Kazakhstan, Alina Ganje
Uzbekistan, Feruza Krason
Turkmenistan, Barakatullo Ashurov
Tajikistan, Barakatullo Ashurov
Kyrgyzstan, David Radford
Iran, Gulnar Francis-Dehqani
Afghanistan, Anthony Roberts
Pakistan, Mehak Arshad and Youshib Matthew John
North India, Leonard Fernando SJ
Western India, Atul Y. Aghamkar
South India, Daniel Jeyaraj
North-East India, Kaholi Zhimomi
Nepal, Bal Krishna Sharma
Bhutan, Tandin Wangyal
Bangladesh, Pradeep Perez SJ
Maldives, Kenneth R. Ross and Todd M. Johnson
Sri Lanka, Prashan de Visser

Major Christian Traditions
Catholics, Felix Wilfred
Orthodox, Romina Istratii
United and Uniting Churches, Joshva Raja
Protestants and Anglicans, Arun W. Jones
Independents, Roger E. Hedlund
Evangelicals, Rebecca Samuel Shah and Vinay Samuel
Pentecostals/Charismatics, Ivan Satyavrata
Key Themes
Faith and Culture, Atola Longkumer
Worship and Spirituality, Anand Amaladass
Theology, Jesudas Athyal
Social and Political Context, Cedric Prakash SJ
Mission and Evangelism, Jacob Kavunkal SVD
Gender, Evangeline Anderson-Rajkumar and Sheela Jeyaraj
Religious Freedom, Michael Nazir-Ali
Inter-religious Relations, Peniel Rajkumar
South Asia Diaspora, Sam George
Caste, Anderson Jeremiah
Tribal Identity, Marina Ngursangzeli Behera

The Future of Christianity in South and Central Asia, Savithri Sumanthiran

Christianity by Country
Methodology and Sources of Christian and Religious Affiliation, Todd M. Johnson and Gina A. Zurlo


About the Author

Kenneth Ross, formerly Professor of Theology at the University of Malawi, has also served as General Secretary of the Church of Scotland Board of World Mission. Over the last three decades he has published extensively on Global Christianity. Currently he is parish minister at Netherlorn in Argyll, Hon Fellow of Edinburgh University School of Divinity, and Chair of the Scotland Malawi Partnership. He was awarded the OBE in the Queen’s New Year Honours in 2016.

Daniel Jeyaraj is an Indian Christian theologian with expertise in historical theology, the studies on Indo-German missions, Indic religions and Tamil ethics. He is the Professor of World Christianity and Director of the Andrew F. Walls Center for the Study of African and Asian Christianity at Liverpool Hope University in England. He has earlier served as Judson-DeFreitas Professor of World Christianity at Andover Newton Theological School, John A. Mackay Professor of World Christianity, Princeton Theological Seminary and Aaron Professor for the History of Christianity, Gurukul Lutheran Theological College and Research Institute.

Todd M. Johnson is Associate Professor of Global Christianity and Director of the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in Boston, MA. Johnson is Associate Faculty at Boston University’s Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs leading a research project on international religious demography. He has published encyclopedias, atlases, databases, monographs, and scholarly articles on counting religionists around the world.


Christianity in South and Central Asia represents public recognition of the unprecedented explosion of World Christianity during the past half century. Ambitious and wide-ranging essays by forty authors from varied backgrounds and disciplines explore the highly complex and multiple forms of local and regional Christianities that now exist within fourteen countries. Complicating this work further are Christianities within India itself which, like a gigantic elephant among smaller creatures, embraces more countries and cultures and complexities than all the other thirteen countries combined. Cross-cutting essentials of institutions and ideologies of least seven major historic traditions, as well as of manifold minor traditions found within these countries, are essays that address key themes as these pertain to each country – namely: caste, demography, diaspora, evangelism, faith, freedom, gender, identity, inter-faith relations, socio-political contexts, theology and worship. This truly remarkable collection should appeal to a broad readership concerned with contemporary affairs in our world.

- Robert Eric Frykenberg, University of Wisconsin - Madison

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