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Architecture and Landscape in Medieval Anatolia, 1100-1500

Edited by Patricia Blessing, Rachel Goshgarian

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Assesses and analyses medieval Anatolia from the perspectives of architecture, landscape and urban space

Anatolia was home to a large number of polities in the medieval period. Given its location at the geographical and chronological juncture between Byzantines and the Ottomans, its story tends to be read through the Seljuk experience. This obscures the multiple experiences and spaces of Anatolia under the Byzantine empire, Turko-Muslim dynasties contemporary to the Seljuks, the Mongol Ilkhanids, and the various beyliks of eastern and western Anatolia.

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List of Illustrations and Tables
Foreword, Scott Redford
Introduction – Space and Place: Applications to Medieval Anatolia, Patricia Blessing and Rachel Goshgarian

Part I. Building: Masons and Infrastructure
Chapter 2. Craftsmen in Medieval Anatolia: Methods and Mobility, Richard McClary
Chapter 3. Stones for Travelers: Notes on the Masonry of Seljuk Road Caravanserais, Cinzia Tavernari

Part II. Social Groups: Akhis and Futuwwa
Chapter 4. Suggestions on the Social Meaning, Structure and Functions of Akhi Communities and their Hospices in Medieval Anatolia, İklil Selçuk
Chapter 5. Social Graces and Urban Spaces: Brotherhood and the Ambiguities of Masculinity and Religious Practice in Late Medieval Anatolia, Rachel Goshgarian

Part III. Exchange: Islamic and Christian Architecture
Chapter 6. Transformation of the ‘Sacred’ Image of a Byzantine Cappadocian Settlement, Fatma Gül Öztürk
Chapter 7. The ‘Islamicness’ of Some Decorative Patterns in the Church of Tigran Honents in Ani, Mattia Guidetti

Part IV. Frameworks: Language, Geography and Identity
Chapter 8. Harvesting Garden Semantics in Late Medieval Anatolia, Nicolas Trépanier
Chapter 9. All Quiet on the Eastern Frontier? The Contemporaries of Early Ottoman Architecture in Eastern Anatolia, Patricia Blessing
Chapter 10. The ‘Dual Identity’ of Mahperi Khatun: Piety, Patronage and Marriage across Frontiers in Seljuk Anatolia, Suzan Yalman

Notes on Contributors

About the Author

Patricia Blessing is Assistant Professor of Art History at Pomona College. She completed her PhD in the Department of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University in 2012 and is the author of Rebuilding Anatolia after the Mongol Conquest: Islamic Architecture in the Lands of Rūm, 1240-1330 ( 2014).

Rachel Goshgarian is Assistant Professor of History at Lafayette College. She is co-author of the first Armenian grammar published in Turkey in over 100 years, Kendi Kendine Ermenice, with Sukru Ilicak (2006).


'Medieval Anatolia comprised a complex landscape of regional, cultural, linguistic and religious variety. These essays explore a dynamic range of interactions, overlaps and exchanges, employing a rich body of art historical, literary and historical sources to cross disciplinary boundaries. They provide lively but nuanced insights that open up a connected world that is too often presented in fragmentary form.'
- Antony Eastmond, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London

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